Ghana is a prime example of democratic and economic development in Africa. Based on a belief in “changing Ghana through education,” the country’s hopes lie in the education of its young population. With ambitious reforms in the country’s education policy, Ghana is planning to harness the potential of these young people to create individual opportunities and strengthen the country’s economy, because only a well-educated population can confidently address national and global challenges.
Ghana is investing a lot to achieve its education goals. Spending on the public education system amounts to around 20 percent of all public spending. Starting in the 2017/2018 school year, the government introduced secondary school that was free of charge. Higher education in Ghana is also expanding significantly. STEM subjects are gaining lots of attention, and the country is relying on them to create meaningful opportunities for the future. But it is lessons in these subjects – science, technology, engineering, and mathematics – that often lack a concrete link to students’ everyday lives. Not only does this lead to lower performance in these subjects, but it also means students do not consider promising careers in STEM when they leave school. This represents a starting point for Siemens Stiftung’s professional orientation in STEM education.
- Three-tier education system Primary school (6 years), junior high school (3 years), and senior high school (3 years)
- Education budget: 4.5 % of GDP (2017)
- WEF Ranking Maths and Science (2018): 90 of 137
- Important issues: Equal opportunity, improving scholastic education in science and technology, vocational training and reducing youth unemployment
The Ghanaian ministry of education supports Siemens Stiftung’s efforts to strengthen STEM education. We emphasize professional orientation in schools.
International education program Experimento
Since 2019, Siemens Stiftung has been working in Ghana on teacher training and continuing education in STEM. These efforts are focused on secondary schools. Our education program Experimento emphasizes professional orientation and has been adapted to fit Ghana’s national curriculum. We aim to support teachers in creating STEM lessons that are not only good in terms of quality but also in terms of emphasizing the importance of STEM education and demonstrating professional opportunities to learners.
To make our vocational orientation materials accessible to a wide range of people, we work with the German development organization Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) on the project Africa Cloud. The Africa Cloud, a joint initiative of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Smart Africa Alliance, wants to provide young Africans with digital access to learning content. On the eLearning plattform “atingi” we offer innovative information and learning opportunities on vocational qualification. We contribute web-based training (WBT) on job profiles that is based on Experimento content.